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Teak Wood

Teak (Tectona), is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family
Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly
found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. They are large trees,
growing to 30-40 m tall, deciduous in the dry season.

The name teak comes from the Tamil word Thekku and Telugu word Teaku. There
are three species of Tectona:

    * Tectona grandis (Common Teak) is by far the most important, with a
wide distribution in India and Indo-China.
    * Tectona hamiltoniana (Dahat Teak) is a local endemic species confined
to Burma, where it is endangered.
    * Tectona philippinensis (Philippine Teak) is endemic to the
Philippines, and is also endangered.

The timber is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture, boat decks, and
other articles where weather resistance is desired. It is also used for
indoor flooring and as a veneer for indoor furnishings.

Teak is easily worked and has natural oils that make it suitable for use in
exposed locations, where it is durable even when not treated with oil or
varnish. Teak cut from old trees grown slowly in natural forests is more
durable and harder; teak from young trees grown in plantations is more prone
to splitting and water damage, however kiln drying allows for sustainable,
plantation-grown teak to perform nearly on par with old-growth teak.

Most of the Teak grown today is grown on Plantations that are governed by
the local governments. The demand for Teak is growing at an estimated 10%
per year. Teak is a heavily regulated (and rightfully so) commodity, and is
sold through the auction process. Teak is not very easy to get. There are
regulatory permits that must be purchased and other expenses that go along
with regulation. For example, once purchased, it is usually the purchasing
companies' responsibility to provide transportation if the wood is to be
exported and certain countries have regulations on how many logs can be
exported. Currently, Java, Indonesia is the largest exporter of Teak. There
are several companies that are located in Java that will process and fashion
the Teak into furniture, or planks for flooring or siding, and then export
the finished item or semi finished item to countries around the world.

Teak grows very rapidly but still takes approx. 50 years to mature. Many
countries are reviewing the possible rotation after 30 or 40 years. This is
mainly due to the large demand for Teak. The consensus with this rotation is
that the wood will not be inferior at that rate. There are some countries
that are trying tree rotation after only 25 years. The results are timber
that is smaller in diameter, color, and grain.

So, when add it all up, you get a much better understanding not only of what
the hype about Teak Wood is all about, but the numerous qualities of Teak
Wood and the supply and demand side of Teak Wood.

Many people for generations have been enjoying the warm benefits of owning
Teak Wood products. Outdoor Teak Wood furniture is a Standard for many
families and in many gardens, terraces, patios, verandas, ships, and yachts
around the world. If you are investing in outdoor furniture, you really owe
it to yourself to step into the world of Teak.
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